The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is an autonomous organisation set up in 1961 by the Government of India to assist and advise the Central and State Governments on policies and programmes for qualitative improvement in school education. The major objectives of NCERT and its constituent units are to: undertake, promote and coordinate research in areas related to school education; prepare and publish model textbooks, supplementary material, newsletters, journals and develop educational kits, multimedia digital materials, etc. organise pre-service and in-service training of teachers; develop and disseminate innovative educational techniques and practices;collaborate and network with state educational departments, universities, NGOs and other educational institutions; act as a clearing house for ideas and information in matters related to school education; and act as a nodal agency for achieving the goals of Universalisation of Elementary Education. In addition to research, development, training, extension, publication and dissemination activities, NCERT is an implementation agency for bilateral cultural exchange programmes with other countries in the field of school education. The NCERT also interacts and works in collaboration with the international organisations, visiting foreign delegations and offers various training facilities to educational personnel from developing countries.
Central Institute Of Educational Technology (CIET), a consitituent unit of NCERT, came into existence in the year 1984 with the merger of Center for Educational Technology and Department of Teaching Aids. CIET is a premiere national institute of educational technology. Its major aim is to promote utilization of educational technologies viz. radio,TV, films, Satellite communications and cyber media either separately or in combinations. The institute undertakes activities to widen educational opportunities, promote equity and improve quality of educational processes at school level.
The National Policy on ICT in school education has set the goal of preparing youth to participate creatively in the establishment, sustenance and growth of a knowledge society leading to all round socio-economic development of the nation and to be geared for global competitiveness. ICT@Schools Scheme approved by Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) on 9th January 2010 recommends professional development of teachers in use of ICT in Education. Also, students should be trained to work with a variety of resources; learning to critically appraise information and resources; and making safe, productive, ethical and legal use of these resources a habit.
Central Institute Of Educational Technology (CIET) is the nodal agency that developed ICT in Education Curricula to meet the recommendation of The National Policy on ICT in School Education of Ministry of Human Resource Development, Govt. of India. CIET supports the national and the state agencies in the process of implementing the ICT in Education Curricula for teachers and students .,